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Our Volcanoes for Kids pages contain fascinating facts about notorious volcanic eruptions. Learn where and why volcanoes form on our planet. Tamu Massif is a newly discovered giant shield volcano.
What are volcanoes? Volcanoes are mountains of molten rock that cooled into solid rock. Stratovolcanoes, shield volcanoes, cinder cones and lava domes are all examples of volcanoes.
Shield volcanoes form primarily in the oceans. Scientists estimate there are over one million seamounts on the ocean floors. Newberry Caldera, Tamu Massif and Mauna Loa Volcano are shield volcanoes.
Composite volcanoes form in subduction zones when an oceanic plate subducts beneath a continental plate. The volcanoes form steep-sided towering volcanoes on the continental side of subduction zones
Mauna Loa volcano is the second largest volcano on Earth. The true height of Mauna Loa volcano is 56,000 feet (17,170 m). The volcano covers about half the surface of the island of Hawaii.
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